Map of the Valley of Mexico, ca. 1540


This map appears as page one of the Codex Xolotl, one of the earliest Aztec cartographic histories known. Painted on native paper, the map serves as a backdrop for the narrative of Xolotl, a legendary thirteenth-century warlord. Topographic and hydrographic features are shown, as well as hieroglyphic names of places in the Valley of Mexico and beyond. Plate 9 in The History of Cartography, Volume 2, Book 3, Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian, and Pacific Societies (1998).

Size of the original: 42 x 48 cm.
By permission of the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris (1-10, p. 1).

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Last Updated: 31 October 2000.