University of Wisconsin–Madison



Find the current semester’s course offerings at the Course Guide.

100-Level courses

101 Introduction to Human Geography This course introduces students to the field of human geography by exploring the spaces, patterns, and processes that contribute to local and global change. To do this we explore the relations between space and social life associated with globalization through the use of a series of human geographic lenses: economic, sociocultural, population, environmental, urban, and political geography. Similarly, we will study global change to better understand human geography. Students will gain an appreciation for interpreting data and trends with a focus on space and scale; the importance of place, environment, boundaries, territory, and other geographic elements important to human experience; and mapping and other geographic tools. Syllabus

120 Introduction to the Earth System We live in a swiftly changing world characterized by rapidly changing climates, shifting landscapes, and growing human populations. Now, more than ever, it is essential to understand how the earth system works, how it affects our livelihoods, and how we are altering it. This course provides a critical foundation for understanding just that. Through this course students gain a deeper appreciation for the diverse processes that shape our local, regional, and global landscapes. Many students take this course to fulfill the physical science requirement. Others use it as a gateway to majors and careers in Geography, Environmental Studies, and Environmental Science. Syllabus

127 Physical Systems of the Environment This course is an introduction to physical geography, the study of natural environmental systems, emphasizing how these systems produce local and global patterns of weather and climate, vegetation, soils, and landforms. The course has three objectives: 1) To provide a basic understanding of the most important processes shaping the physical environment in which we live; 2) To convince you of the dynamic nature of that environment and the degree to which it has changed in the past and is changing at present, in part because of human activity; and 3) To provide you with important tools that you can use, with background knowledge from this course, to explore the climate, vegetation, soils, and landforms of particular places and how they are changing over time. The course has separate lecture and lab components, which are coordinated so the labs provide you with a more in-depth understanding of many of the same basic concepts discussed in lecture, along with new material. Syllabus

139 Living in the Global Environment This course explores the global and local nature of environmental problems facing humanity, including climate change, food and energy scarcity, deforestation, biodiversity loss, environmental justice, and population growth. Through group and individual work, students will learn to analyze and address environmental problems on many scales. A key theme will be that what appear to be monolithic global environmental problems are actually many smaller, context-specific and place-dependent problems that when addressed with interdisciplinary and geographic perspectives can be understood and addressed at the scale of our lived lives. Syllabus

170 Our Digital Globe: An Overview of GIScience & its Technology This course is an introduction to Geographic Information Science (GIScience) and explores the tools and technologies for acquiring, analyzing, managing, and displaying geographic information. It introduces a variety of geospatial technologies and tools, including geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS), remote sensing, spatial analysis, and cartography (the science and art of mapmaking). Although GEOG 170 is a non-specialist course, it provides the foundation for various upper-level GIS, GPS, remote sensing, cartography, and web-animated cartography courses. Syllabus

300-Level Courses

301 Revolutions & Social Change This course is an introduction to the spatial dimensions of social movements, social struggles, and radical social change. It provides students with a range of critical and theoretical perspectives for reading and interpreting space as a tool of social transformation. Lectures and discussions explore a variety of historic examples from the nineteenth century to the present. Syllabus

305 Introduction to the City This course investigates urbanization as a general process, as well as the resulting contemporary physical, social, cultural, and political-economic forms of cities, focusing on examples from the United States from the twentieth century to the present. As an ethnic studies class, emphasis will be placed on the history and current forms of spatial and social segregation of cities by race, class, ethnicity, and gender. The myriad ways that cities have addressed the tensions emerging from this history of spatial and social segregation will be highlighted. Further, emphasis will be placed on understanding the experiences of those most affected by historical and continuing segregation. Syllabus

309 People, Land & Food This course examines how and why humans have transformed the global landscape and the consequences for biodiversity, climate, biogeochemical cycling, and other ecosystem services needed to keep our planet habitable. We will explore these land-use trade-offs between human necessities such as food production and unintended consequences such as habitat loss, floods, greenhouse gas emissions, and community displacement. We will study different agricultural systems in different regions and tackle topics such as food security, land scarcity, bioenergy, and the impacts of agriculture on the environment. The drivers and patterns of tropical deforestation will also be a focus. We will examine a range of solutions from global policy to everyday decisions to feed and fuel the world without destroying the planet. Spring Syllabus Summer Syllabus

318 Introduction to Geopolitics The purpose of this course is to introduce you to the main concepts and research themes in contemporary geopolitics. As one of the primary perspectives within the field of political geography, geopolitics represents a broad engagement with the interactive relationships between power and place, and the construction, contestation, and reconfiguration of political spaces that result. We will examine the formation of geopolitical images of the world, where these images originate, and how they have shaped our thinking and politics over time. Syllabus

320 Geomorphology Geomorphology is the study of landforms and landscapes and the processes that have shaped them. It is a basic science, driven in part by curiosity about the landscapes in which we live. Geomorphology also has important practical implications, however, and is essential to understanding many natural hazards and many forms of environmental change. In this course, we will generally follow a sequence from process to form, starting with an in-depth look at a particular group of geomorphic processes, followed by discussion of the landforms those processes create and their importance in interpreting long-term landscape development. Syllabus

329 Landforms & Landscapes of North America This course is an introduction to the natural landscapes of North America, from the Pacific Northwest with its rainforests and active volcanoes to the forest-covered ridges and valleys of the Appalachians. It is a selective introduction – we’ll cover landscapes that are especially interesting and distinctive, but we’ll have to overlook a lot of others. Syllabus

331 Climatic Environments of the Past This class focuses on climatic changes during the Quaternary Period, which encompasses the last 2.6 million years, includes the rise of human civilizations, and extends to the present day. Climatically, the defining characteristics of the Quaternary are regular cycles between glacial and interglacial periods, and abrupt shifts in the state of the climate system. Understanding the sources and causes of past climatic variability is a necessary precondition to understanding why climates are changing today and to making informed projections for the future. The field is changing rapidly and new discoveries appear every week. Syllabus

332 Global Warming: Science & Impacts Climate change is underway and will continue into the foreseeable future. Climate change is caused by a combination of natural processes and human alterations of the earth system, with the latter increasing in importance. Because climate directly or indirectly affects all aspects of our lives, and vice versa, it is essential for twenty-first century citizens to be knowledgeable about climate science and policy. This course offers a fundamental understanding of how and why global warming is happening, and what to expect in the future. Together we will investigate and discuss the evidence for climate change, the interplay among human and physical drivers, the science that explains these observations, predicted impacts on humans and ecosystems, and proposed solutions. Syllabus

337 Nature, Power & Society This course explores the links between nature, power, and society in today’s world. It considers the complex relationships between humans and Earth’s resources, including food, energy, water, biota, and landscapes; as well as issues linked to population and scarcity, resource tenure, green consumerism, political economy, environmental ethics, risks and hazards, political ecology, and environmental justice. Syllabus

338 Environmental Biogeography This course takes an ecosystems approach to understand how physical – climate, geologic history, soils – and biological – physiology, evolution, extinction, dispersal, competition, predation – factors interact to affect the past, present, and future distribution of terrestrial biomes and all levels of biodiversity: ecosystems, species, and genes. A particular focus will be placed on the role of disturbance, recent human-driven climatic and land-cover changes, biological invasions, and differences in historical and current distributions of global biodiversity. Syllabus

339 Environmental Conservation This course studies environmental conservation from a geographical perspective, reviewing the biophysical, institutional, and socioeconomic dimensions of environmental problems in order to develop more effective conservation solutions. Environmental conservation is itself a social process. Thus we pay careful attention to how changes in values, scientific understandings of nature, economy, and politics affect conservation practice. Not only will we trace the major debates in environmental conservation, but we will also explore how differences in people’s biophysical, economic, and political surroundings have led to different perceptions of environmental problems and their solutions. Syllabus

340 World Regions in Global Context In this course students explore the world’s diversity and analyze how identity is shaped. You will determine how and why different peoples experience different forms of cultural, economic, environmental, and political change. You will examine how people shape that change. And you will make sense of how and when ties between world regions link them to similar paths of change. This course adopts a broad “world regions” approach, virtually exploring all of the world’s regions. It is an ideal feeder for regionally specific courses (e.g., on Africa, Southeast Asia), for students considering, taking, or returning from study abroad sessions, or for students with any interest in professions or jobs that will lead them to travel, or to engage with people, firms, or agencies, from other countries. Syllabus

342 Geography of Wisconsin This course covers both the physical and human geography of Wisconsin. We will start with the physical environment (rocks, soils, landforms, streams, lakes, wetlands, climate, and vegetation), and then discuss the human geography of Wisconsin, and how it was developed over time by people living and working in the unique landscapes of this state. Besides gaining a basic understanding of Wisconsin’s geography, you will learn to use a variety of concepts, tools, and information sources to interpret the physical environment and human geography of specific places within the state. For example, you will use online information sources and web mapping tools to study the original vegetation and soils of an area of the state, and then look up information on how the ownership and use of that area has changed over time. You will probably find practical uses for this experience in future courses or jobs, or just to learn more about places you live in or visit. Syllabus

344 The American West This course is an introduction to the geography of the western United States. While we could look at that geography from all kinds of perspectives, this course focuses mainly on the complex human-environment interactions in the West, how they have changed in the recent past, and how they are continuing to change today. Syllabus

355 Africa, South of the Sahara This course is an intermediate-level introduction to the geography of Africa. After a general overview of physical and historical geography in the first part of the course, we will focus on a number of important contemporary issues, including population, urbanization, economic development, gender, AIDS pandemic, ethnicity and politics, and environmental change. Syllabus

358 Human Geography of Southeast Asia This survey course is designed to introduce intermediate undergraduates to the human geography of Southeast Asia, including the basic geography and history of the region, important political and theoretical issues, and policies and positions of relevance for understanding the human spatiality of the region, including the ways that ethnicity and indigeneity are being evoked in Southeast Asia and among Southeast Asians in the United States. The main objective of the course is to help students gain a basic understanding of ethnic diversity and ethnic politics in Southeast Asia, as well as to gain a general understanding of transnational politics in the United States related to Southeast Asia, especially associated with the Hmong and Lao, but also in relation to other groups as well. Syllabus

359 Australia: Environment & Society This course is an introduction to the human and environmental geography of Australia. Australia is a settler country, the scene of indigenous genocide, a former English colony, a mythical unknown, a biophysical puzzle, home to a startling diversity of life, a cradle of modern democracy, and a powerful industrial economy with a rich resource base. It thus serves in many ways as a mirror for the US – even matching the US roughly in size, if not in population. The two countries share many elements of a common history and biogeography and yet the human and environmental geographies of the two countries have traced very different paths into the modern world. This course provides a survey of Australian geology, ecology, society, and culture. It will include weekly check-ins with current events in Australia and exercises that connect students to current resource-management problems using Google Earth and other tools. Syllabus

360 Quantitative Methods in Geographical Analysis Application of descriptive and inferential statistics to geographical problems. Syllabus

370 Introduction to Cartography This course provides a general introduction to cartography, broadly defined as the art, science, and ethics of mapmaking and map use. It – and the UW Cartography curriculum in general – focuses upon the design of maps, drawing from research and practice on graphic design, information visualization, and semiotics, perspectives that students are unlikely to receive in other GIS courses. Specifically, the course emphasizes mapmaking over map use (compared to 170) and print mapping over web-based or interactive mapping (compared to 572 and 575, respectively). The course is divided into two components: lectures and labs. Fall Syllabus Summer Syllabus

371 Introduction to Environmental Remote Sensing The objective of this course is to provide an overall introduction to the Earth as viewed from above, focusing primarily on the use of aerial photography and satellite imagery to study the environment. The intent is to learn how to use these types of data to study issues related to environmental science, geography, earth sciences, forestry, and resource management. The synoptic perspective of aerial and satellite remote sensing proves ideal for studying the spatial patterns of surface phenomena and for making maps of surface features. Currently, one of the most exciting uses of remote sensing is to monitor environmental change. Syllabus

377 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems The field of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is concerned with the description, analysis, and management of geographic information. This course offers an introduction to methods of managing and processing geographic information. Emphasis will be placed on the nature of geographic information, data models and structures for geographic information, geographic data input, data manipulation and data storage, spatial analytic and modeling techniques, and error analysis. Syllabus

378 Introduction to Geocomputing This course introduces students to the scripting and programming tools and skills commonly employed in GIS and spatial analysis. The skills learned in this course are equally applicable in scientific research, the public sector, and private industry. Syllabus

400-level courses

434 People, Wildlife & Landscapes This course offers an interdisciplinary framework for understanding human interactions with wildlife. We begin with ‘puzzles from prehistory’: Were humans responsible for eliminating megafauna across the continents ~12,000 years ago? Was big game hunting foundational to human evolution? These puzzles have ecological significance as well as cultural import as metaphors for human-nature relations. We then turn to contemporary human-wildlife interactions, delving into the ecological and social conditions underlying patterns of coexistence and conflict. Conservationists have traditionally assigned mutually exclusive places to wildlife (wilderness) and humans (rural areas, cities). But the boundaries separating these places are permeable.  Elephants leave African parks to forage in banana plantations. Coyotes dwell in Madison suburbs. We analyze the resulting people-wildlife conflicts and explore alternative strategies for conserving wildlife in human-dominated environments. You will learn key geographic approaches to studying the human role in environmental change, particularly biogeography, political ecology, and environmental perceptions. You will also learn basic methods for studying environmental attitudes. Class assignments will help you better understand the material and improve your professional writing and speaking skills. Syllabus

439 U.S. Environmental Policy & Regulation This course covers a broad cross-section of American environmental policy by focusing on specific statutes and policy arenas. In this course we will survey the basic elements of American environmental policy and regulation with a particular focus on the specific people, sites, and scales at which environmental decision-making happens through primary-source case material. Understanding environmental outcomes in a complex society depends on observing both the structure of regulations and the geographic and social context in which such regulations emerge. This course will maintain a dual focus on (a) the legal and regulatory aspects of environmental regulation, and (b) the specific geographic and social features of actual cases in which regulations and policy are used. Syllabus

460 American Environmental History Environmental history studies the changing relationships between human beings and the natural world through time. Despite being numbered at the 400-level, this course is intended as an introduction to this exciting and still relatively unfamiliar field of scholarship, with no prerequisites. It assumes little or no background knowledge of American history, geography, or environmental studies, and offers a general survey that can be valuable for students interested in any of these fields, from entry-level undergraduates through advanced graduate students. Although the course is intended to be challenging, it is also meant to be fun: any student willing to attend lectures, do the readings, and work hard should be able to enjoy and do well in it. Our central premise throughout will be that much of the familiar terrain of American history looks very different when seen in environmental context, and that one can learn a great deal about history, geography, and the environment by studying them together. All too often, historians study the human past without attending to nature. All too often, scientists study nature without attending to human history. We will try to discover the value of integrating these different perspectives, and argue that the humanistic perspectives of historians and geographers are essential if one hopes to understand contemporary environmental issues. Course Website

469 The Making of the American Landscape This course surveys the history of the United States and its colonial precursors from an unusual perspective: the evolution of the American landscape. Designed to complement existing courses on American environmental history and the history of the American West, it begins by orienting students to the geography of the North American continent, paying special attention to those features–geology, physiography, climate, vegetation, ecology–that have had the greatest influence on human lives in different regions. It also offers tools for interpreting landscape: different ways of periodizing the American past, different ways of mapping American space, different ways of narrating American historical geographical change. Once this basic introduction has been completed, the course explores different elements of the national landscape at moments when they became prominent features of American life, tracing their stories forward in time. Eclectic rather than encyclopedic, it focuses on landscape elements and processes most likely to be helpful to students as they try to understand the world around them. Course Website

500-Level courses

500 Qualitative Research Strategies in Geography This course is designed to familiarize both upper-level undergraduates and graduate students with various aspects of qualitative research strategies as practiced by human and people-environment geographers, and prepare students to address many of the kinds of challenges they are likely to encounter when conducting qualitative research both domestically and internationally. The goal is to increase the confidence of students in relation to choosing appropriate strategies for conducting various kinds of qualitative research. The course, which is taught as a seminar, considers a wide range of issues related to qualitative research, including the human subjects review process, research ethics, the development of research questions, conceptualizing research subjects, preparing for fieldwork, participant observation, interviewing techniques, the organization of focus-group discussions, film experiences, participatory-action research, analyzing field materials, and some of the writing styles commonly used in qualitative research. Syllabus

518 Power, Place, Identity Processes of identification and differentiation are integral to the dynamic interaction between power and place, in some cases resulting in the creation of more inclusive multicultural sociospatial places and practices, while in others leading to more exclusionary settings. We will investigate the various intersections and interactions among power, place, and identity; review the reconceptualizations of borders and bordering in political geography; examine the specific case of nationalism and the place and identity discourses and practices that result from it; explore the cultural politics of memoryscapes; and consider the geographies of resistance through which subaltern political actors seek to empower themselves and their communities. Finally, we will assess the post-national political geographies associated with diasporas and globalization, and discuss the new spaces of citizenship identification that are said to be resulting from these processes. Syllabus

523 Quaternary Vegetation Dynamics The goals of this course are 1) to provide an advanced understanding of late-Quaternary vegetation dynamics, including both the patterns of past changes and the causal processes; 2) to draw connections between past phenomena to current questions in global change ecology and conservation biology; 3) provide a hands-on understanding of the statistical tools used in analyzing paleoecological data; and 4) sharpen your critical-thinking and writing skills. Syllabus

525 Soil Geomorphology This course explores soil development as related to landscape throughout the Quaternary. It focuses on the relationship of soils to climate and vegetation, landscape evolution, and time; principles of soil stratigraphy; and case histories of soil geomorphic studies. Syllabus

526 Human Transformations of Earth Surface Processes This course takes an earth systems approach to explore the role of human societies in shaping earth surface processes from local to global scales. We address how alterations to our landscapes and waterways affect biological, physical, and chemical interactions among our biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. We discuss methods used to distinguish the “human impact” from background variability. Syllabus

527 The Quaternary Period This course reviews the leading hypotheses on the causes of glacial-interglacial climate change and evidence on that issue available from deep ocean cores. Most of the focus will be on how the global terrestrial environment responded to fluctuations of the Earth’s climate between glacial and interglacial conditions and how we can identify evidence of those changes in the landscape today. One of the most important goals of the course is for students to understand “how we know what we know” about glaciations and many other types of past environmental change, from the poles to the Equator. That is, what do the landforms, sediments, and other evidence tell us about Quaternary environmental change? How much of the modern landscape, and the modern distribution of plants and animals, is a legacy from climatic conditions at various times in the Quaternary? We also discuss connections between past environmental change and cultural change including the rise of agriculture. Syllabus

534 Environmental Governance: Markets, States & Nature This class is designed to help students answer real-world questions of how the environment is managed and governed through state policy, economics, and social institutions. We will cover strategies within and outside the formal institutions of government, and extend the discussion to the commodification of nature and the use of science to understand and govern the environment. The last third of the class will consist of students engaging with case studies of environmental governance in water, carbon, species, and urban sustainability. Syllabus

537 Culture & Environment This course is broadly concerned with the relationship between society and environment. It both traces evolving ideas about this relationship, particularly in developing world contexts, and explores how these ideas help us understand contemporary conservation and development issues. How do rural societies transform and adapt to their biophysical environments? How do broader political economic, cultural, and biophysical changes affect this interaction at a local level? A number of different analytical approaches have been used to study this complex relationship within a range of disciplines, most notably geography and anthropology. In this course we will evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches by reading and discussing a combination of theoretical works and case studies. A strong emphasis of this course will be to trace out how these theories have shaped environment/development policy in the Third World, with material impacts on rural peoples. A number of broader themes, relevant to all society-environment contexts, will be explored. Syllabus

538 The Humid Tropics: Ecology, Subsistence & Development The humid tropics encompass roughly 10 percent of the earth’s surface and are home to more than 40 percent of the world’s human population. This region has extraordinary cultural and biological diversity, and a general dependence on agriculture and natural resources to sustain local and national economies. Within the development process, the humid tropics are undergoing rapid social and environmental change, including extensive deforestation, loss of biodiversity, and release of carbon. We begin with a short overview of the physical environment of the humid tropics, then we study the complex forces driving deforestation in different realms (Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia) and learn about consequences for local citizens. How is urbanization and globalization shifting the pressure on tropical forests? Finally, we evaluate the ecological and social viability of dominant strategies for conserving tropical forests, including protected areas, community-based forest management, and payments for ecosystem services. Syllabus

557 Development & Environment in Southeast Asia This course examines the political, sociocultural, economic, and ecological aspects of contemporary development and human-environment relations in mainland Southeast Asia, applying a critical and theoretically informed perspective, and focusing largely on rural issues. Syllabus

560 Advanced Quantitative Analysis This is a second course in statistical methods covering techniques widely used in quantitative geography. The primary emphasis is on data-driven predictive modeling, including multiple regression and extensions, nonlinear least squares, and categorical prediction. We also cover principal components, clustering and related methods, and computer-intensive methods. The course concludes with an introduction to times series if time permits. Syllabus

566 History of Geographic Thought This course surveys the major traditions of geographic thought from the early twentieth century to the present. Attending to both ‘human’ and ‘physical’ perspectives in the discipline – as well as those that blur the lines between the social and natural sciences – we will explore the changing, contested nature of geographic knowledge in terms of its situated, historical contexts and its numerous reformulations in contemporary practice. In so doing, the course provides students with the background for understanding their research in terms of the philosophies and methods, and the convergences and departures that constitute the intellectual history of the discipline in general, and Geography at UW-Madison in particular.

572 Graphic Design in Cartography This course provides an in-depth examination of advanced topics in cartographic representation, or the graphics, sounds, haptics, etc., constituting a map that are employed to encode geographic information. It is a direct extension of 370, but with a focus on cartographic design for the web rather than print, and draws upon research and practice on graphic design, web design, and art. Specifically, it integrates theory on both mapmaking and map use (compared to 170 or 370, which focus upon one or the other) and emphasizes design of web-delivered static maps, rather than the design of interfaces for manipulating these maps (compared to 575). The course is divided into two components: lectures and labs. Syllabus

574 Geospatial Database Design & Development Designing databases provides a foundation for GIS functions and web applications. Students will investigate techniques used for designing databases in non-spatial environments and explore “spatial” considerations while developing a spatial database for GIS problems. The course will cover the basic concepts, techniques, and methodologies for designing and implementing a spatial database. Syllabus

575 Interactive Cartography & Geovisualization This course provides a comprehensive overview of conceptual and technical design topics related to dynamic mapping, topics typically considered under the cartographic research thrusts of Interactive Cartography and Geovisualization. Specifically, it discusses user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) design as applied for web maps, drawing from research and practice on Human-Computer Interaction, Information Visualization, Usability Engineering, and Visual Analytics, perspectives that students are unlikely to receive in other GIS courses. The course emphasizes mapmaking over map use (compared to 170) and the design of interfaces to maps rather than the maps themselves (compared to 370 and 572). The class is divided into two components: lectures and labs. Syllabus

576 Spatial Web & Mobile Programming This course is designed to introduce the fundamental skills necessary to develop web applications and program spatial analytical functions in a web environment. Students will also acquire skills for developing spatial mobile apps on devices such as phones and tablets. Those skills will allow students to develop web and mobile applications to support geospatial data access, analysis, sharing, and synthesis over the internet. Previous java programming knowledge is not essential, but basic programming experience is required. Syllabus

578 GIS Applications This class details the geographic concepts, logical arguments, and workflows that make geographic information software a valuable tool for problem-solving. The class consists of lectures, laboratory exercises, and a student project that produces an original GIS data layer. The objectives of the course are: 1) to familiarize students with the process of conceptualizing and solving geographic problems using GIS; and 2) to provide students with the practical experience of managing GIS projects. Syllabus

579 GIS & Spatial Analysis This is an advanced GIS course covering analytical methods used in GIS and spatial analysis. The course is intended to provide students with a firm understanding of the theoretical/conceptual side of algorithms found in GIS software. We are concerned with the assumptions and underlying mathematical basis for widely used techniques, and the degree to which analytical capabilities are constrained by those assumptions. Among the topics covered are logic frameworks, terrain analysis, spatial interpolation, point pattern analysis, and network analysis. Other advanced topics such as fuzzy sets and neural networks will also be covered. The emphasis is on the usefulness and limitations of competing algorithms. Syllabus

700-Level Courses

765 Geographical Inquiry & Analysis: An Introduction This course is designed to introduce incoming geography graduate students to the research community within the Department of Geography, to situate Madison geographers within the broader realm of Geography as a discipline, and to help you begin to articulate your own research interests within these contexts. The course is not designed to provide a foundational course in geographic thought and practice. Syllabus

766 Geographical Inquiry & Analysis: Techniques This course is open to first-year Masters students in Geography and undergraduate majors with junior standing pursuing the “Honors in the Major” designation. The course is designed to assist participants in developing their research proposals (for Masters or Honors Theses). Course activities will include a mix of discussions, in-class presentations, and written assignments. Together these activities will provide participants with guidance and feedback on the steps leading to a final thesis proposal. Topics covered include the development of research questions; research ethics; research design and methodologies; proposal format and preparation; and research planning. While research design and methodology issues are considered in this class, their treatment is necessarily broad and general, focusing on overall research design issues to ensure that the mix of methodologies utilized will sufficiently address the research problem. Syllabus

900-level courses

900 Seminar in Geography

901 Seminar in Cultural Geography

918 Seminar in Political Geography

920 Seminar in Physical Geography

930 Seminar in People-Environment Geography

932 Seminar in American Environmental History

970 Seminar in Geographic Information Science